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Summary Report



Census of Population and Dwellings 1996, 2001, 2006

Conducted by Statistics New Zealand, the Census of Population and Dwellings is the primary source of information on the size, composition, distribution and economic activities of the population. Census data is used for analysing trends, planning public services and allocating public funds in the areas of health, housing, transport, education, income, and law and order. The Census is run every five years. The Census data used in this report is for the years 1996, 2001 and 2006.

Because of the 'full coverage' nature of the Population Census, data for small areas such as TAs can be analysed. Data provided by Statistics New Zealand has been rounded to Base 3, as well as having some results suppressed. For the purposes of this report, any data that has been suppressed has been considered as equal to zero. The impact of this treatment is unlikely to be significant.

Household Labour Force Survey

Produced by Statistics New Zealand, the Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) collects information relating to the employed, the unemployed and those not in the labour force who comprise New Zealand's working-age (15 years and over) population. It provides a regular, timely and comprehensive portrayal of New Zealand's labour force and Statistics New Zealand's official employment measure. The HLFS is produced quarterly and available from the December quarter 1985.

Differences between the Household Labour Force Survey and the Population Census

The HLFS and the Census of Population both produce estimates of labour force statistics such as unemployment, participation and NEET. Because these two sources are gathered differently, they can produce different estimates. The HLFS is the official measure of labour market information for New Zealand.

The biggest difference in the context of youth engagement is that, in the Census, youth that are acting as caregivers cannot be separated from others who are not engaged in employment or education. This difference, as well as the general differences, leads to higher rates of youth not engaged in employment or education (NEET) in the Census.

Within the Annual In-Depth Regional reports, Population Census calculations of labour market variables have been used in many instances, as estimates from this source are more robust for small areas, especially at the Territorial Authority level.

Department of Labour analysis tools

The Department of Labour has developed a series of online, labour market 'tools'. The tools are interactive, updatable and based on the latest official statistics. They enable the user to select a particular industry, occupation or region and compare information with other sectors, regions or the national average. The four labour market analysis tools currently available are:

  • Key information tool
  • Occupational indicators
  • Regional industry snapshot
  • Regional industry trends
  • Jobs and tertiary education indicator.

These tools are stored on the Department of Labour website -

Linked Employer-Employee Dataset (LEED)

Produced by Statistics New Zealand, annual statistics produced from the Linked Employer-Employee Dataset (LEED) measure labour market dynamics, providing an insight into the operation of New Zealand's labour market and its relationship to business performance. LEED uses existing administrative data drawn from the Inland Revenue Department (IRD), together with business data from Statistics New Zealand's Business Frame (BF).

National and subnational population projections

Population projections are estimates of the size and composition of the population at a future date. Projections are available for the total New Zealand population, local and regional populations, various ethnic populations, families and households, and the labour force. A number of alternative series are produced in each set of projections. These use different combinations of appropriate assumptions about future fertility, mortality, net migration, inter-ethnic mobility, living arrangement type and labour force participation patterns of the population. Projections are updated every two to three years.

The data used in this report is the Subnational Population Projection 2006-base to 2031. These projections have as a base the estimated resident population of each area at 30 June 2006.

School leavers data

Produced by the Ministry of Education, the monitoring of the highest attainment of school leavers is based on the annual 1st March survey of secondary and composite schools. These statistics include all full-time regular students, full-time adult students and special education class students who left school during the period 1 March 2005-28 February 2006, to go on to further education, training, the workforce or other activities.


There are a number of differences between people counted as 'officially unemployed' (measured in the Household Labour Force survey) and counts of people receiving the MSD Unemployment Benefit (UB recipients). These differences mean that the two measures of unemployment are not comparable although they tend to move in the same direction over time. The Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) measure of unemployment is the official measure, follows consistent rules and is internationally comparable. The count of UB recipients is an administrative measure and is affected by administration procedures and adjustments (such as changes in work-testing rules).

The officially unemployed are people aged 15 years and older who:

  • are without any paid work and without unpaid work in a relative's business
  • have actively sought work in the previous four weeks (i.e. done more than check newspaper advertisements)
  • are available to take up work
  • had a new job to start within the next four weeks.