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Annotated Bibliography of New Zealand Literature on Migrant and Refugee Youth


In consultation with the Department of Labour, relevant keywords/phrases based on the inclusion/exclusion criteria were identified (see the Research Tools section in the Introduction). The following combinations of keywords were used to search the National Bibliographic Database, Index New Zealand, Sociological Abstracts, Social Services Abstracts, PsychInfo, Proquest and ERIC:

?migra? refugee asylum rac? ethnic? cultur?


you? child? adolescen? student teen generation



A number of other keyword searches were also tried including words such as risk, resiliency, crime, transition, settlement, integration, adjustment, cohesion, family, peer, friend, identity, education, health, training, discrimination. However, the main keyword searches identified above proved to be the most fruitful way of approaching the search.

The country keyword searches included those countries that have been the main sources of refugees and migrants to New Zealand:

Afghanistan,, Africa,, America,, Asia, Burundi, China, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Europe, Fiji, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Melanesia, Myanmar, Pacific, Pasifica, Pasifika, Philippines, Polynesia, Somalia, Samoa, Sudan, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Ukraine, Vietnam.

References were screened by title and abstract according to the inclusion/exclusion criteria.

Hard copy searching of New Zealand academic journals at the libraries of Lincoln University and the University of Canterbury were used to access articles published before 1987 (and therefore not included in Index New Zealand). Library staff at the Macmillan Brown Centre for Pacific Studies were also consulted about relevant work.

Website searches carried out included the following:

Ministries/agencies: Aotearoa Ethnic Network, Asia New Zealand Foundation, Department of Labour, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Pacific Island Affairs, Ministry of Social Development, Ministry of Youth Development, Refugee and Migrant Service.

Research organisations/groups: Asian Public Health Project Team, Auckland University School of Asian Studies, Centre for Applied Cross Cultural Research, Centre for Asian and Migrant Health Research, Massey New Settlers Programme, New Zealand Council for Educational Research, Otago University Asia in New Zealand Research Group, Victoria University Asian Studies Institute, Waikato Migration Research Group.

Information Services staff at the Department of Labour were consulted to access additional material that had not been accessed through the searches already undertaken.

References were coded and assessed according to the inclusion criteria agreed with the Department (see the Research Tools section in the Introduction). Where possible, this involved reading the full text of a work. Where it was not possible to access the full text of a chosen reference, the reference was coded and assessed on the basis of whatever information was available (e.g. an abstract). If selected for inclusion in the bibliography, such references were identified as not read in full.

The following bibliographies were searched:

Bedford, Richard, Bridget Spragg and Joanne Goodwin, International migration, 1995-1998: A report on current research and a bibliography, University of Waikato, Migration Research Group, Department of Geography, and Population Studies Centre.

Nam, Boutros and Rachel Ward, 2006 Refugee and Migrant Needs: An annotated bibliography of research and consultations, prepared for the Refugee and Migrant Service.

Trlin, Andrew D. and Paul Spoonley (eds) New Zealand and international migration: a digest and bibliography, Palmerston North: Dept. of Sociology, Massey University, Vols 1-4.

All relevant references were imported into an Endnote library.