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The Labour Market Adjustment of Immigrants in New Zealand Report

Table 6: OLS regression of occupation classified by average wages by gender
  Male Female
  Age/
Qual
Hhold Cohort
FE
Mig
Chars
Age/
Qual
Hhold Cohort
FE
Mig
Chars
Age 0.00792** 0.00885** 0.00885** 0.00825** 0.00813** 0.0113** 0.0113** 0.0108**
(0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
Age-Squared/
100
-0.00736** -0.00855** -0.00855** -0.00780** -0.00799** -0.0120** -0.0120** -0.0114**
(0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
Low School
Quals
0.0604** 0.0541** 0.0541** 0.0526** 0.0851** 0.0815** 0.0815** 0.0796**
(0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002)
High School
Quals
0.130** 0.119** 0.119** 0.116** 0.144** 0.138** 0.138** 0.136**
(0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002)
Foreign
School Qual
0.102** 0.0970** 0.0970** 0.0899** 0.115** 0.111** 0.111** 0.106**
(0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Vocational
Quals
0.0389** 0.0372** 0.0373** 0.0345** 0.0502** 0.0519** 0.0520** 0.0504**
(0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002)
University
Degree
0.190** 0.180** 0.180** 0.178** 0.157** 0.154** 0.154** 0.152**
(0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002)
Currently
Married
  0.0204** 0.0205** 0.0243**   0.001 0.001 0.005
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)   (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Formerly
Married
  0.0108** 0.0108** 0.0107**   -0.004 -0.004 -0.005
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)   (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Couple with
No Kids
  0.0125** 0.0125** 0.00740*   0.0225** 0.0226** 0.0173**
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)   (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Couple with
Children
  0.003 0.003 0.001   0.001 0.002 -0.001
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)   (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Single
Parent
  -0.0239** -0.0239** -0.0235**   -0.0243** -0.0243** -0.0237**
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)   (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
Lives in
Urban Area
  0.0992** 0.0992** 0.101**   -0.003 -0.003 -0.002
  (0.002) (0.002) (0.002)   (0.002) (0.002) (0.002)
Arrived
1958-1967
    -0.015 -0.0290**     -0.001 -0.012
    (0.010) (0.010)     (0.011) (0.011)
Arrived
1968-1977
    0.008 0.002     0.012 0.006
    (0.007) (0.007)     (0.008) (0.008)
Arrived
1978-1987
    0.006 0.012     -0.004 0.000
    (0.007) (0.007)     (0.008) (0.008)
Arrived
1988-1997
    0.0191* 0.0321**     0.002 0.014
    (0.009) (0.009)     (0.010) (0.010)
Arrived
1998-2007
    0.007 0.0254*     0.014 0.0314*
    (0.011) (0.011)     (0.012) (0.012)
<18 at Arrival       0.0113**       0.0193**
      (0.003)       (0.003)
Born in
the UK
      0.0456**       0.0470**
      (0.003)       (0.004)
Born in
Asia
      -0.0310**       -0.0263**
      (0.005)       (0.005)
Born in
Pacific Islands
      -0.0586**       -0.0620**
      (0.004)       (0.004)
Born Elsewhere
Not NZ
      0.00907**       0.0137**
      (0.003)       (0.004)
R-squared 0.26 0.30 0.30 0.31 0.22 0.23 0.23 0.24
Observations

74,261

67,511

Note: All regressions include survey year and years since migration fixed effects. Regional fixed effects are added in the second specification. All immigrant specific variables including the cohort fixed effects are estimated in deviation from mean form, eg each coefficient can be interpreted as the differences from the average migrant and sum to zero including the default group. ** significant at 1% level, * significant at 5% level.